Table of Content

How to install InDefero

Simple way to install

If you cannot install because of reason x or y, you can :

You will get answers within few minutes on IRC as usually we are 15 or more people hanging around. With the discussion forum and a ticket, it may take a little bit more time.

Quick installation instruction

The installation of InDefero is composed of 2 parts, first the installation of the Pluf framework and second, the installation of InDefero by itself.

Recommended Layout of the Files

If your server document root is in /var/www a good thing is to keep the number of files under the /var/www folder to its minimum. So, you should create a /home/www folder in which we are going to install all but the files which need to be available under the document root.


The you need to link the media and index.php files into your docroot.

$ cd /var/www
$ ln -s /home/www/indefero/www/index.php
$ ln -s /home/www/indefero/www/media

Installation of Pluf

  • Checkout the trunk of Pluf.
  • Install the Mail and Mail_mime classes from PEAR. You must use the --alldeps flag when installing these modules.

Pear install/upgrade:

$ sudo pear upgrade-all
$ sudo pear install --alldeps Mail
$ sudo pear install --alldeps Mail_mime

If you already have some of the PEAR packages installed with your distribution, the Mail package is often not up-to-date, read more here.

The Pluf installation folder is the folder containing the file Pluf.php.

Installation of InDefero

The installation is composed of the following steps:

  • Get the InDefero archive.
  • Configure it correctly.
  • Installation the database with the migrate.php script.
  • Bootstrap the application with a bootstrap.php script.

Here is the step-by-step installation procedure:

  • Extract the InDefero archive somewhere.
  • The InDefero installation folder is the folder containing this file INSTALL.mdtext.
  • Make a copy of src/IDF/conf/idf.php-dist as src/IDF/conf/idf.php.
  • Update the idf.php file to match your system.
  • Make a copy of src/IDF/conf/path.php-dist as src/IDF/conf/path.php.
  • Update the path.php file to match your installation paths. It should work out of the box if you followed the recommended file layout.
  • Open a terminal/shell and go into the src folder in the InDefero installation folder.


$ cd /home/www/indefero/src
  • Run php /home/www/pluf/src/migrate.php --conf=IDF/conf/idf.php -a -i -d -u to test the installation of the tables.
  • Run php /home/www/pluf/src/migrate.php --conf=IDF/conf/idf.php -a -i -d to really install the tables.
  • More details about the migration is available in the migration documentation of the Pluf framework.
  • Create a bootstrap file to create the admin user for example www/bootstrap.php. Do not forget to update the second line with your path to Pluf.

Bootstrap script:

require '/home/www/indefero/src/IDF/conf/path.php';
require 'Pluf.php';

$user = new Pluf_User();
$user->first_name = 'John';
$user->last_name = 'Doe'; // Required!
$user->login = 'doe'; // must be lowercase!
$user->email = '';
$user->password = 'yourpassword'; // the password is salted/hashed 
                                  // in the database, so do not worry :)
$user->administrator = true;
$user->active = true;
print "Bootstrap ok\n";
  • Run php www/bootstrap.php.
  • Remove the www/bootstrap.php file.
  • Open the www/index.php file and ensure that the path to Pluf and Indefero are correctly set for your configuration.
  • Now you can login with this user into the interface.
  • Click on the Forge Management link on top and create your first project.

Upgrade InDefero

To upgrade:

  • Make a backup of your data, including the database.
  • Extract the new archive on top of the current one.
  • Update your version of Pluf.
  • Check that the path in the index.php are still good.
  • Remove all the *.phps files in your temp folder.
  • Upgrade the database with the upgrade commands:

Upgrade commands:

$ cd /home/www/indefero/src
$ php /home/www/pluf/src/migrate.php --conf=IDF/conf/idf.php -a -d -u
$ php /home/www/pluf/src/migrate.php --conf=IDF/conf/idf.php -a -d 

Repository Synchronization

The documentation is available in the doc folder.

  • Subversion: doc/syncsvn.mdtext.
  • Mercurial: doc/syncmercurial.mdtext.
  • Git: doc/syncgit.mdtext.

For the Apache Webserver Users

If you are using Apache for your webserver and want to have nice URLs like and not you can use the following .htaccess file to be put in the same folder of the www/index.php file.

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule ^(.*) /index.php/$1

Options +FollowSymLinks is only needed if you are using symlinks.

For the Gentoo users

If you get the error:

T_CHARACTER Use of undefined constant T_CHARACTER - assumed 'T_CHARACTER'"

you need to compile PHP with the "tokenizer" flag.

For People with open_basedir restriction error

If you get an error like:

file_get_contents(): open_basedir restriction in effect. 
File(/etc/mime.types) is not within the 
allowed path(s): (/srv/http/:/home/:/tmp/:/usr/share/pear/)

Just copy the file /etc/mime.types into the folder /home and put this in your configuration file:

$cfg['idf_mimetypes_db'] = '/home/mime.types';

FreeBSD Installation

You need to install /usr/ports/lang/php5-extensions which contains the Standard PHP Library (SPL).

Using a SMTP server with authentication

If your SMTP server requires authentication, for example,, you can use the following email configuration:

$cfg['send_emails'] = true;
$cfg['mail_backend'] = 'smtp';
$cfg['mail_auth'] = true;
$cfg['mail_host'] = 'ssl://';
$cfg['mail_port'] = 465;
$cfg['mail_username'] = 'YOURGMAILADDRESS';
$cfg['mail_password'] = 'YOURPASSWORD';

Check with your provider to get the right settings.

Git Daemon on Ubuntu Karmic

If you have problems getting it to run, you can follow this procedure proposed by Mathias in ticket 369.

  1. Install git-daemon-run in addition to git-core
  2. Edit /etc/sv/git-daemon/run to look as follows:


    exec 2>&1 echo 'git-daemon starting.' exec chpst -ugit:git \ /usr/lib/git-core/git-daemon \ --reuseaddr \ --syslog \ --verbose \ --base-path=/home/git/repositories \ /home/git/repositories

  3. Restart git-daemon-run

    sv restart git-daemon

If Subversion is not working

If you access a Subversion server with a self-signed certificate, you may have problems as your certificate is not trusted, check the procedure provided here to solve the problem.

If the registration links are not working

If You have standard instalaction of PHP ie in Debian, php.ini sets mbstring.func_overload to value "2" for overloading str* functions. You need to prevent the overload as it does not make sense anyway (magic in the background is bad!). See the corresponding ticket.

Created: 6 years 4 months ago
by Loïc d'Anterroches

Updated: 5 years 8 months ago
by Loïc d'Anterroches


Old Revisions